The Internet of Things, also known as IoT, is a setting in which physical objects are given unique identifiers and data transfer abilities over a network. It does not require human-to-computer and human-to-human contact. Although each thing is uniquely identifiable, it is able to interoperate within the Internet infrastructure. It is embedded with sensors, software, connectivity and electronics to enable greater value and service by exchanging data with the operator, manufacturer and other connected devices.
Typically, IoT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of services, systems and devices. It covers numerous domains, applications and protocols. This interconnection automates in almost all fields and enables advanced applications, such as Smart Grid – a modern electrical grid that uses analog and digital communication technology to gather and act on information. The Internet of Things is also expected to generate large amounts of data from different quickly-aggregated locations to increase the need for better index.
The “Things” in the Internet of Things can refer to various devices. It can be the electric claims in the coastal waters, the biochip transponders on farm animals, the field operation devices for the search and rescue of firefighters, or automobiles with built-in sensor. Its main purposes are to collect useful data through technology and to automate the flow of information.
The Internet of Things will likely have staggering effect in our lives. It will become an important part of industrial control, healthcare, petroleum, and utilities management among many others. It has evolved from the convergence of the Internet, wireless technologies and micro-electromechanical systems. In a word, it can greatly improve productivity.